GEUM White Paper – Metrics for the Entrepreneurial University

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  • Create Date August 3, 2017
  • Last Updated August 28, 2017

GEUM White Paper – Metrics for the Entrepreneurial University

Main authors: Henry Etzkowitz, Alexander Bikkulov, Anne Kovaleinen, Karl Heinz Leitner, Seppo Poutanen, Denis Grey, Lena Leonchuck, Justin Axelberg, Guilherme Ary Plonski, Mariza Almeida.

Other contributing authors (in alphabetical order of first name): Charisse Reyes, Elaine C. Rideout, Emanuela Todeva, Emilio Alvarez-Suescun, Giustina Secundo, Kanetaka Maki, Liana Kobzeva, Marina van Geenhuizen, Mosi Weng, Huub Mudde, Robert Tijssen, Tatiana Pospelova, Yuzhuo Cai (A full list of all contributions’ affiliations are in the appendix).


A university that creates and transforms knowledge and discovery into social and economic development is an increasingly common global objective. However, metrics designed for an earlier era, when primary academic objectives were research and teaching. Paradoxically inhibits change; even incentivizes universities to return to a previous era. The Global Entrepreneurial University Metrics (GEUM) project is an international collaboration of university researchers, metricians and critics, whose initial goal is to modulate the counterproductive effects of current rankings systems, while the ultimate goal is to transform ratings measures into an assistive project to enhance global academic and societal development.

How may an enhanced university metrics system be introduced, modifying and complementing existing schemes, and militating against the tendency for easily quantifiable academic products e.g. scientific articles becoming privileged over more difficult to measure objectives, such as contribution to economic and social development, the so-called third academic mission that requires qualitative as well as quantitative assessment. GEUM goes beyond a critique of university ranking systems by creating an assistive programme with tools for self- and external evaluation, together with exemplars and recommendations for change.