Special issue on Brazil
Towards the first days of Spring, we would like to welcome you to the First Issue of Volume Two of the Triple Helix Association Newsletter – Helice. After a year of success, Helice is now in its second volume.
Distributed quarterly, Helice reaches over 1500 scholars, policy-makers, and practitioners, and its outreach includes public organizations, universities, and other innovation agents. We had received much interest and requests for the publication of Special Issues, giving a focus on Triple Helix studies in a specific national context. In response to this, we are pleased to present our first Special issue focusing on Brazil.
The content has been coordinated by Professor Jose Manoel Carvalho de Mello, of the Universidade Federal Fluminense, Rio de Janeiro, and Vice President of the Triple Helix Association. We are grateful to Jose for his efforts in putting together this very interesting edition, which presents a brief study of the main policies for innovation in Brazil including the Triple Helix concept as a response to the need for facilitating relations between universities, public sector and companies.
Articles presented result from the long-term academic research by Brazilian scholars who have been engaged in Triple Helix Studies for more than a decade. These include (a) The Triple Helix Concept in Brazil: Capture and Dissemination- Jose Manoel Carvalho de Mello, (b) ANPROTEC:Promoting Innovative Enterprises- Jorge LuisNicolas Audy, Sheila Oliviera Pires, (c) Developing Brazilian Triple Helix Leadership -Guilherme Ary Plonski, (d) Natura: An Innovative Company Leader in the Brazilian Market of cosmetics, Fragrances and Toiletries – Gilson Paulo Manfio, Leonardo Garnica, Daniela Diogenes, (e) University and Patenting in Brazil – Ana Lucia Vitale Torkomian, Marli Elizabeth Ritter doe Santos, and including Recent Publications by Thiango Renault, and Brazil: Facts and Figures by Mariza Almeido.
We also have a very thought-provoking President’s Corner article on Learning from Brazil: Inspiration of Triple Helix Innovation, by Henry Etzkowitz, the THA President.
Finally we would like to draw your attention to the update article by Helen Lawton Smith on the forthcoming annual Triple Helix XI Conference to be held in London, 8-10 July 2013. Things are shaping up nicely for what looks like another stimulating THA Conference!
We as the Editors of Helice encourage you to share your reflections which will help sustain and extend the innovative dialogue of Helice.
For further information, or for publishing in Helice, please contact Devrim Goktepe-Hulten at firstname.lastname@example.org, or Sheila Forbes at Sheila.forbes @strath.ac.uk.
We wish you a pleasant and enjoyable spring season, and look forward to welcoming you to the Triple Helix XI Conference in London.
Devrim Goktepe-Hulten and
Triple Helix XI Conference, London, UK
Helen Lawton Smith
Come and join collective action! With a spectacular line-up of keynote speakers, PLENARY sessions, 8 convened workshops, and over 50 parallel OPEN SESSIONS, the conference will have a wealth of academic and policy/practitioner presentations. Take advantage of being in London through the exciting SOCIAL PROGRAMME, including a Thames River cruise and dinner, an event in the Grand Hall of Lincoln’s Inn, and a visit to Tech City (hosted at Google Campus) to meet innovating entrepreneurs.
Learning from Brazil: Inspiration of Triple Helix Innovation
Organizational adaptation, experimentation, and hybridization, have been the hallmarks of innovation in Brazil as the country evolved from an authoritarian to a democratic Triple Helix.
As Ary Plonski reminds us, Brazil was in a tri-lateral mode before the Triple Helix (Plonski, 2013). Sabato’s Triangle, the Argentinian physicist and science policy analyst’s, top-down, government-led, model, provided a rationale for large-scale technology development projects during the military regime era from 1964-1985. This earlier theoretical substrate may have helped prepare the ground for the Triple Helix, but the two concepts are significantly at odds with each other, especially in their sources of inspiration.
The Triple Helix Concept in Brazil: Capture and Dissemination
Jose Manoel Carvalho de Mello
Brazil has been at the forefront of the Triple Helix Association since the beginning, hosting one of the first Triple Helix international conferences. As the country with the largest number of delegates at almost all Triple Helix conferences – apart from the host country – the concept of the Triple Helix is well known in Brazil. In attending these conferences and, more recently, by participating in the Triple Helix Association, Brazilian representatives have played a significant role in the development of the Association
ANPROTEC: Promoting Innovative Enterprises
Jorge Luis Nicolas Audy and Sheila Oliveira Pires
Anprotec – the Brazilian Association of Science Parks and Business Incubators, represents the interests of business incubators, science and technology parks, and innovation centers in Brazil. It operates through training activities and the articulation of public policies as well as the generation and dissemination of knowledge. Over twenty-five years of experience, it has 270 members representing incubators, science and technology parks, education and research institutions, government bodies and other entities, focused on entrepreneurship and innovation.
Developing Brazilian Triple Helix Leadership
Guilherme Ary Plonski
The Triple Helix of University‑Industry‑Government Relations(in short, Triple Helix), a concept that emerged in the mid-1990s, found fertile ground in Brazil. The reasons were threefold: intellectual, institutional, and practical.From the intellectual perspective, two earlier pragmatic models akin to the Triple Helix(TH) had already established roots in the Brazilian academy and, through advanced education programs and professional mobility, reached public policy makers and company R&D managers.
Natura: An Innovative Company Leader in the Brazilian Market of Cosmetics, Fragrances and Toiletries
Gilson Paulo Manfio, Leonardo Garnica and Daniela Diogenes
Natura is a leading cosmetics, fragrance, and toiletries company that sells through a network of 1.4 million consultants (sales representatives) in Brazil and abroad. Outside of its core Brazilian market, Natura has a presence in Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, France, Mexico and Peru. Established in 1969 from the fruit of two passions: cosmetics and relationships, for over fortyfour years it has sought to create value for society as a whole, generating integrated triple-bottom-line (TBL) results – economic, social and environmental
University and Patenting in Brazil
Ana Lucia Vitale Torkomian and Marli Elizabeth Ritter dos Santos
Recent studies show that the role of universities and research institutes in regional innovation and development has required new forms to transfer knowledge produced by academic research (OCDE, 2003).According to Etzkowitz (2009, p193), “we have gone from an era that was founded on the concept that research automatically translates into usage to an era in which the policies are continuously reinvented to reach that objective”.
Brazil: Recent Publications
In this article we present a sample of interesting publications relating to innovation in the Brazilian and Latin American context. Two books deal with university-industry relationships in Brazil. The first provides a historical overview, and the second presents a sectoral approach, focusing on the pharmaceutical industry. A third book is a collection of contributions presented at the 2009 Seminar on the Triple Helix in the Latin America, organized in two main directions: knowledge generation, transfer and application; University-industry-government relationship, and the global crises challenges
Brazil: Facts and Figures
Brazil covers an area of 8.5 million square kilometers, has a population of 196.7 million , and a Gross Domestic Product of US$ 2,425,052,000 billion . It is organized as a Federal Republic, with twenty-six states, and shares borders with ten of the twelve countries in South America.
The country has abundant reserves of minerals, oil and gas, an immense river system for generating energy and transporting cargo, forest reserves, and a rich diversity of fauna and flora. The population is largely a mixture of the descendants of the indigenous people with Europeans, Africans, and Asians, and has developed a unique and rich cultural heritage. It is the only country in the region that has Portuguese as the national language.