INNOVATION, CREATIVITY AND ENTERPRISE – CARTAGENA, COLUMBIA
The Chamber of Commerce of Cartagena, Columbia, in cooperation with the Universidad del Sinu ‘Elias Bechara Zainúm, recently organized a major conference on Innovation, Creativity and Enterprise.
On Thursday 11 December 2014, Professor Henry Etzkowitz, President of the Triple Helix Association, President of the ITHI, Visiting Professor at the University of London Birkbeck, and creator of the “theory of the Triple Helix “, lectured on the model based on innovation, creativity and enterprise. The Triple Helix model was recommended as a useful method to promote entrepren-eurship and enterprise growth. It is an intellectual process aiming at visualizing the evolution of relations between university and society and is characterized by the intervention of the university in economic and social processes.
The Triple Helix model was discovered by Professor Etzkowitz in 1997, with the aim of explaining the importance of collaboration between governments, companies, and universities: the three propellers of economic growth.
“The importance of this type of event consists of pooling in one place the interests of each of the actor involved in the development of the city and the region and, based on the TH model, to bring innovation, creativity and business strategies to meet” said Jose Alfonso Diaz, CEO of the Chamber of Commerce of the capital. Similarly, the Rector of the Universidad del Sinu, Rolando Bechara Castilla, noted “this event will promote the relationships between each of the ‘hélices’ and develop new mechanisms of synergy in the region.”
The event took place at the Convention Center Julio Cesar Turbay, Cartagena, and was attended by 250 people including academics, businessmen, and representatives from the public sector.
24TH ANPROTEC SEMINAR ON SCIENCE PARKS AND BUSINESS INCUBATION
Frontiers of Innovative Entrepreneurship: New Connection for Results Belém, Pará, Brazil : 22-26 September 2014
This annual event held by the Brazilian Association of Science Parks and Business Incubators (Anprotec), and the Brazilian Support Service for Micro and Small Business (Sebrae) – Anprotec Seminar on Science Parks and Business Incubation – is considered the largest event on innovative entrepreneurship in Latin America attracting around one thousand two-hundred participants, including science and technology park and business incubator managers, specialists, leaders of partner organizations, researchers, members of the public sector, and entrepreneurs.
Held on 22-26 September at the Hangar Amazônia Convention Center in the city of Belém in the State of Pará, the 24th Anprotec Seminar had a record attendance of 927 registered participants,
from fourteen countries, and an unprecedented achievement: the presence of representatives from all twenty-seven states in Brazil. The event was supported by the local organization of the Pará State Department of Science, Technology and Innovation (Secti), the Federal University of Pará (UFPA), and the Guamá Science and Technology Park – the first technological park located in the
Amazon region. With the theme ‘Frontiers of innovative entrepreneurship: new connection for results’, the event included activities that presented paths for innovation environments to expand their connection with the public and private sectors in order to increase autonomy, and thus contribute even more to the sustainable development of the regions where they operate. This way, the connection between different participants brings an expansion of the frontiers of innovative entrepreneurship and the economic and social impact that results from the activities of enterprise incubators and technological parks.
The program for the Seminar was intense and diverse. On 22-23 September, prior to the official opening, parallel activities were held, including: an Anprotec Workshop, a Sebrae Innovation
Forum, mini-courses geared toward managers of technological parks and enterprise incubators, and events with national and international partners, such as the Brazilian Private Equity and
Venture Capital Association (Abvcap), and the B.BICE+ Forum on Technology and Innovation. In the evening of 23 September, the Seminar was officially opened, marking the beginning of the plenary and interactive sessions.
Overall, there were five plenary sessions, with the participation of specialists from several areas, recognized for their experience and knowledge of entrepreneurship and innovation, to discuss issues related to the event’s theme. In addition, the interactive sessions (parallel technical session, pitch session, and interactive forum) presented articles selected from the call of papers.
As part of the Seminar program, mini-courses presented an opportunity to acquire knowledge and best practice – ‘Where is the capital?’ addressed opportunities for entrepreneurs to capture
funds, where to search, and how to increase the chances of obtaining an investment, while ‘How to plan and implement a firstrate incubator’ addressed the management methodology on how to
build best practice for business incubators in Brazil, also the Cerne Program – the incubator management model created by Anprotec with the purpose of promoting the improvement of the results in innovative environments in both quantitative and qualitative terms. ‘How to access venture capital in incubators and technological parks: the Primatec case’, discussed the relationship model between incubator and park networks with venture capital funds.
On 22 September, the workshop addressed the challenge of structuring and organizing technology parks. Coordinated by the Anprotec Vice-President, Jorge Audy, the workshop provided an
opportunity to reflect on the main challenges within these innovative environments, highlighting the conceptual issues, performance indicators, critical factors, legal framework, and forecasts.
Mini-course ‘InovAtiva Brasil: training, mentorship, and business connections’ presented the program from the Ministry of Development, Industry, and Foreign Trade (MDIC), that held its pilot edition last year. InovAtiva Brasil is a platform that offers training for entrepreneurs through videos and webinars, as well as other functionalities, such as a blog and space for networking. Those selected have access to the content, which is produced with support from a community of successful entrepreneurs.
Opening of 24th Anprotec Seminar on Science Parks and Business Incubation
The ‘What are the success factors for managing incubators?’ mini-course was presented by Anprotec Project Coordinator, Carlos Eduardo Bizzotto, who opened up the space to discuss the current scenario of the business incubators and possible new pathways. The discussion addressed the critical factors for success in business incubators, from the planning phase through to operations. Procedures, tools, and criteria to evaluate the evolution stage of businesses that reside in the incubators were at the center of the debate promoted by the mini-course ‘How to monitor the incubated enterprises effectively’.
On 23 September, ‘Communication strategies for technological parks’ attracted fifty participants, including the press, managers, and teams in innovative environments, to discuss the communication activities of two Brazilian innovative environments: the UFRJ Technological Park in Rio de Janeiro (RJ), and the Porto Digital, in Recife (PE).
The program included activities to exchange information between partner organizations, such as the B.Bice+ Project, formed by a consortium of Brazilian and European institutions, including Anprotec.
The Project, funded by the European Commission under the International cooperation activity – Capacities Programme 7th European Framework Programme for RTD, seeks to improve bilateral dialogue and to discuss public policy on science, technology, and innovation between Brazil and the member countries of the European Union (EU). The workshop enabled the exchange of knowledge and experience, and networking contact between European and Brazilian agents in the technology transfer field. The round table focused on discussion on the legal understanding of intellectual property rights, and the recommendations arising from the activity will contribute to the construction of a help-desk for Brazil-EU cooperation on intellectual property, based on the model already implemented by Mercosur-EU.
The B.Bice+ activities continued on the second day. In the morning a tour of Brazil was organised, where there was an opportunity to present to PMEs, Science and Technology Parks, Business Incubators, and other innovation actors for cooperation opportunities with Europe. In the afternoon, the B2B Encounters promoted business rounds between previously selected Brazilian and European companies. Besides encouraging networking between innovative entrepreneurs, the activity allowed innovation actors and researchers, such as representatives of incubators and technology parks, to make contacts for cooperation in research and development between companies, universities, research centers, technological parks, and business incubators.
During the plenary sessions, authorities and experts were invited to discuss issues related to the theme of the event. The first session was moderated by Anprotec President, Francilene Garcia, and had among its panellists the general manager of the Center for Global Research of General Electric, Kenneth Herd. In the second session,
the debate focused on generating even better results with innovative micro and small enterprises (MPEs).
Plenary three on 23 September was entitled ‘Innovation Environments: a fundamental connection to development’. Coordinated by the Technological Development and Innovation Department of the Ministry of Science, Technology, and Innovation (MCTI), Jorge Mário Campagnolo, This session included guest panellists: the head of service for the Innovative Business Center of the European Business and Innovation Network (EBN), Giordano Dichter, and the Director of the Center for Strategic Studies and Management (CGEE), Antonio Carlos Filgueira Galvão.
During plenary four, the Moderators of the Parallel Technical Sessions from the previous day presented the main highlights of the Papers. Moderated by the President of the Scientific Committee of the Anprotec Seminar, Paul Tadeu Arantes, participants debated on the themes in the Parallel Technical Sessions, where selected papers were presented.
The final plenary on ‘Global connections: an effective approach for cooperation development in ST&I’ organized jointly with B.BICE+ Project, presented Brazilian and European initiatives for the promotion of science, technology, and innovation activities.
The closing session of the 24th Anprotec Seminar on Science and Technology Parks and Business Incubation was held on the afternoon of the 25 September and awarded the best articles approved by Call for Papers.
Anprotec President, Francilene Garcia, highlighted the positive attendance at the 2014 event. “The movement completed thirty years. We promoted a very successful event, with 927 registered participants, from twenty-seven different states, and from fourteen countries. It was a real pleasure to return to Belém and the Northern region.”
Consultant for International Cooperation Project for Anprotec
(Chapter Brazil – THA)
DEMODAY HIGHLIGHTS TRIPLE HELIX APPROACH IN NORTHERN GREECE
The Alexander Innovation Zone marked the successful completion of its first cycle of New Business Acceleration with a Demo Day and large public forum, entitled Grow2Market, featuring speakers from all three branches of the Triple Helix.
Under the auspices of the Thessmart Innohub (part of the AIZ), the rigorous program provided twenty-two teams with specialized Coaching, along with Masterclasses from academic and industry representatives throughout a three-month period.
Reflecting the full-spectrum of local interests, the projects that participated were both scalable startups and brick and mortar SME-type businesses, and covered sectors including agriculture, education, tourism, real estate, food and beverage, recycling, SaaS, IT, and more. Ultimately, eleven fledgling enterprises pitched their ideas to a panel of Investor Experts, and received valuable feedback
Triple Helix Conferences provide an opportunity for different experiences in learning and applying the Triple Helix model, other innovative concepts, and new practices from all around the world. One of the interesting activities that connects fun, collaborative thinking, and Triple Helix concepts to propose solutions to various problems, was a session where Luke Hohmann, an internationally-recognized expert, serious games designer, Founder and CEO of The Innovation Games©, presented Trilicious: the Triple Helix Innovation Game, designed specifically for the Triple Helix IX Conference, Stanford University1 (2011). This was my first contact with the game.
on the viability and completeness of their concepts and business models. Following the end of program, the teams were invited to give feedback and suggestions for the next phase of the Innohub’s operations, which are set to include incubation, and a second round of Acceleration for new teams.
The Alexander Innovation Zone, a new member of the THA, is committed to boosting innovative entrepreneurial development at all levels. Recognizing that the local ecosystem is still in a formative stage, the Innohub program makes a significant contribution to progressive economic change by providing a format to link Triple Helix stakeholders to new entrepreneurs who can benefit from their knowledge and experience. The guidance and information exchange fostered by an Acceleration program can be valuable to all who participate – both teams and experts – and a key factor in economic (re)generation.
LEARNING ABOUT UNIVERSITY-INDUSTRY-GOVERNMENT INTERACTIONS THROUGH GAMES:
TRILICIOUS AS AN INNOVATION SUPPORTING TOOL
Triple Helix Association Vice-President
Professor at Federal University of the State of Rio de Janeiro (UNIRIO), Brazil
*email address protected*
After arriving back in Brazil, I and my colleague Branca Terra, a Professor at the Rio de Janeiro State University, and also a researcher in innovation management, would stimulate our students to learn and practice how to create innovative environments, contribute to the effective, funny and active learning process, and the real experience of creating solutions.
Besides the scenarios demonstrated in Stanford: Aging Population, Middle Eastern State in Democratic Reform, Green Region, Corrupt Government, Government Enforcement of Intellectual Property, Narco-Economy to Sustainable Economy, Housing and Education for Slums, and Female Literacy, we decided to propose new topics that would reflect the Brazilian context, namely Sustainable Innovation, Regional Development, New Tourism Opportunities in Rio de Janeiro, and the Social Incubator. In the scenario Housing and Education for Slum Populations, we asked specifically for sustainable innovations.
The students appreciated these activities and used their knowledge of the Triple Helix and University-Industry-Government interactions to create solutions to the problems.
Based in this successful experience, I decided to include a Trilicious session with the activities conducted by the Triple Helix Association, with the Triple Helix Association Brazil Chapter, Brazilian Association of Science Parks, and Business Incubators (ANPROTEC), during a visit to Brazil by Professor Henry Etzkowitz.
On 3 December 2014, in Brasilia, at the Workshop on Learning about university-industry-government interactions through games: the Trilicious game as an innovation supporting tool, Mariza Almeida, THA Vice-President, and Professor at the Federal University of the State of Rio de Janeiro (UNIRIO) introduced the rules of Trilicious to the. seventy-five participants who included incubator and science park managers, researchers and policy makers. Ten participant groups choose different scenario problems: Aging Population – 1, Government Enforcement of Intellectual Property – 1, Housing and Education for Slums – 2, Sustainable Innovation – 1, and Regional Development – 5, and at the end of the session they had shared the problems and their solutions with all the groups. The proposed solutions were connected with key aspects of the Triple Helix: the entrepreneurial university as a source of knowledge to generate new opportunity to economic and social development. One of the characteristics that arose from the Trilicious game in the context of developing countries, was that with different types of knowledge: high, medium or low tech, had
been observed. One example of the Regional Development scenario presented by a group was to answer the question: “How to stimulate agricultural diversification of the Rio Pardo valley (Rio Grande do Sul State) in order to promote regional development? In the Rio Pardo valley, the small farms have being cultivating tobacco for decades, but the health programs that encourage stop smoking and the legal prohibition to smoking in public spaces have been diminishing the tobacco production/consumption. With the aim to avoid an economic crises in the region, they suggested creating a new business which could utilize part of the tobacco production chain with a new application based in university research such as biofuel, bioplastics, and bio-insecticides from tobacco, and to support the organization of a small farmers cooperative that would help them to replace the tobacco plantation to essential oils.
The second characteristic was based on the professional activities of the participants as science park and incubator managers. In the majority of the proposals, incubators had a central position in the problem solutions. The group that choose the Aging Population scenario (Photo 3) showed the possibility to include the population sector in a mentoring project based in their previous experience they could collaborate with another institution/group to develop their business/activities. This proposal is interesting, since it is possible to observe the university-industry-government interaction to motivate civil society ties to improve economic development. This reflects that Triple Helix concepts, and Trilicious are powerful tools to design public policies and projects as well as explain the theory of the innovation process. In future we will use Trilicious in innovation classes, and based in our experience in the recent workshop, develop new problems to specific group training: first with members of the innovation units of the State University of Rio de Janeiro (UERJ); and then during a course organized by the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro to Brazilian National Agency of Petroleum, Natural Gas and Biofuels (Portuguese: Agência Nacional do Petróleo, Gás Natural e Biocombustíveis – ANP). Both institutions, UERJ and ANP, are concerned to increase entrepreneurship and innovation, and evaluate that Triple Helix concepts and practice with Trilicious could contribute to create solutions.
Based on the experience of using Trilicious in classes and at events, I would like to suggest that THA Chapters and the THA community in general translate the game into their native language,
and that the organizers of upcoming Triple Helix conference include sessions to play the Trilicious game at their event in order to stimulate practical applications of the Triple Helix in specific and
6TH EUROPEAN INNOVATION SUMMIT (EIS), BRUSSELS
On Monday 17 November 2014, the Joint Institute for Innovation Policy (JIIP) organised its 6th annual symposium, as the opening event of the 6th European Innovation Summit (EIS) at the European Parliament1, Brussels. The EIS has become one of the most prominent European conferences on Innovation, and attracted 900 participants and 150 speakers, including several Members of the European Parliament, and four European Commissioners of the newly appointed Junker Commission.
The title of this year’s JIIP symposium was “Major Innovations, a European perspective”. The symposium analysed and discussed the contribution of European research programmes to major innovations. The symposium featured high-level speakers from academia, industry, the European Commission, the OECD, and the JIIP members. Keynote speeches were delivered by Henry Etzkowitz from Stanford University, and Dominique Guellec from the OECD. Three case studies from the above-mentioned Major Innovations study were presented: LED, Stem Cells and Car Navigation Systems.
The “Major Innovations” project which the European Commission assigned to JIIP is a daring attempt to identify a number of major innovations of critical importance for Europe, and to describe how EU research and innovation policy initiatives have contributed to these innovations. The project was a reason for JIIP to start a wider discussion and thinking about the ways in which European research has contributed, and will in the future contribute, to game-changing innovations.
Major innovations are loosely defined as those innovations which are seen as game-changing in daily life and/or in the structure of the economy and/or have a major environmental impact. The symposium drew upon a comprehensive literature and case studies from Europe (based on a European assigned to JIIP) and other world regions.
The symposium participants were welcomed by Robert Fisher (Managing Director, JIIP), who introduced the topic and emphasised the newness of the research. Major innovations as a concept hardly appear in the literature, and definitely no consensus exists on its exact definition. The Major Innovation project is, therefore, largely exploratory and archaeological. It starts from the identified Major Innovation (based on analyses on why the innovation can be considered major), and traces back the steps which the innovation has followed to become major, and the factors influencing the path, including market developments and policy interventions.
Mrs Rosalinde Van der Vlies (Head of Unit, European Commission, DG RTD, Evaluation Unit) who commissioned the project, explained the changing focus of the European Commission, and the challenges policy makers face, in particular after the crisis, and in relation to the high level objectives of stimulating growth and jobs. In that perspective EU R&D funding programmes (such as Horizon 2020) need to deliver on these high level objectives, and innovation has become an essential element in the policies. Against this background, it is highly relevant for the European Commission as a policy maker, to better understand the characteristics of Major Innovations, and, in particular, to understand the role of policy.
The first keynote speaker, Professor Henry Etzkowitz, (Senior Research Fellow, Stanford University) started with a quick rundown of the historical development of innovation policy, in particular in response to crises. Professor Etzkowitz provided several strong examples of different policies, as well as funding mechanisms in the US and worldwide and their impact on innovation. He highlighted the central role of universities as an indispensable source of creativity, knowledge, and especially the people to make innovation happen. The relevance of strong regional embedding, and the concept of the entrepreneurial university, were explained with a large variety of cases. Overall it became very clear how a competitive advantage depends on the intellectual, social, and political capital which is built in well-functioning Triple Helix structures.
The three cases were introduced with analyses from the project, providing a historical overview of the technological and market developments of the MI, the impact of and on policy, and the role of the EU Framework Programmes for R&D, followed by a speaker from industry.
The ‘LED’ case was introduced by Mr Torsti Loikkanen (Principal Scientist, JIIP/VTT). Mr Bruno Smets (Director Public Private Innovation Partnerships, Philips Lighting) placed the LED developments in the broader picture of smart lighting, and provided an insight into the future of lighting from an industry perspective. Mr Michael Ploder (Research Groupleader, JIIP/Joanneum Research) introduced the ‘Stem Cell’ case, and Mr Daniel Besser, (Managing Director, German Stem Cell Network) gave his perspective of the challenges of stem cell research and innovation, as well as the main opportunities and drivers. Mr Frans van der Zee (Principal Consultant, JIIP/TNO) both introduced and deepened the analysis of car navigation systems, showing the development of the products and market since the mid-80s until today.
The second keynote address was given by Mr Dominique Guellec, (Head of Country Studies and Outlook, STI, OECD) who highlighted current trends in innovation from an OECD perspective based on the recently published 2014 STI Outlook. He presented data on the changing R&D landscape, the drivers and the challenges, and focussed on performance based funding.
The final panel was led by Jos Leijten (Principal Strategist, JIIP) who discussed different ideal-type models on which countries contributions to major innovations can be based, such as the technology driven US approach, a market and exports driven Asian model, and a European challenges and systemic innovations based approach. It is recognised that such models are not fixed and can change fairly rapidly with changing characteristics of the dominant technologies or changing politics. And it is recognised that different major innovations develop along diverging trajectories. This led to a discussion of possible and preferred future models for Europe.
It was concluded that Europe, with its 600 mln. relatively wealthy and demanding inhabitants, provides an interesting place for innovation. But – as was clearly shown by the different cases – major innovation require a long time horizon and the ability to realise the very different policy, regulatory, and social restructurings, which are needed to make them work. In this respect Europe still needs to overcome major drawbacks of fragmentation.