Triple Helix Journal



ISSN: 2197-1927 (electronic version)

Henry Etzkowitz, International Triple Helix Institute (ITHI), USA and Birkbeck College, UK

Managing Editor
Anne Rocha Perazzo, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris, France

Advisory Editors
Carlota Perez, Technological University of Tallinn, Estonia
Hebe Vessuri, Venezuelan Institute of Scientific Research, Venezuela

Associate Editors
Christiane Gebhardt, Malik Management Institute, Switzerland/associated Heidelberg University, Germany
Loet Leydesdorff, University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands
Riccardo Viale, Fondazione Rosselli, Italy
Chunyan Zhou, International Triple Helix Institute, China

Editorial Board
Irina Dezhina, Institute of International Relations and World Economy, Russia
Han Woo Park, YeungNam University, South Korea
Alexander Uvarov, TUSUR University, Russia
Jarunee Wonglimpiyarat, Thammasat University, Thailand
Girma Zawdie, University of Strathclyde, UK

Recently published papers in the Triple Helix Journal:
Educational Action Research and Triple Helix principles in entrepreneurship education: introducing the EARTH design to explore individuals in Triple Helix collaboration
Michael Mandrup, Tine Lynfort Jensen

Networks of eutrepreneurs driving the Triple Helix:  two cases of the Dutch energy system
Claudia Werker, Joliend Ubact, Andreas Ligvoet

The Triple Helix
Second Edition

Henry Etzkowitz, Stanford University,
and Chunyan Zhou

The Triple Helix focuses on “innovation in innovation” and the dynamic to foster an innovation ecosystem, through various hybrid organizations, such as technology transfer offices, venture capital firms, incubators, accelerators, and science parks.  This second edition develops the practical and policy implications of the triple helix model with case studies exemplifying the meta-theory.  The Triple Helix as a universal innovation model can assist students, researchers, managers, entrepreneurs, and policymakers to understand the roles of university, industry, and government in forming and developing “an innovative region,” which has self-renewal and sustainably innovative capacity.

THA members are entitled for a 20% discount on the regular price of the book, which can be purchased at, and by entering the discount code: FLR40   .

Download the book flyer at


From boundary line to boundary space: the creation of hybrid organizations as a Triple Helix micro-foundation

Authors: Claire Champenois and Henry Etzkowitz (2018)

In a Triple Helix framework, independent hybrid organizations can be created at the intersection of overlapping yet separate institutional spheres to address innovation blockages. However, the formation process of these organizations, which incorporate and combine elements from the Triple Helix spheres, has seldom been investigated. We address this gap by proposing a model that conceptualizes the creation process of these organizations. We argue that their creation opens up a “boundary space” that differs from a boundary line. By comparing empirical results of three cases, we identify a three-step creation process (recognizing a gap; bringing Triple Helix representatives together and creating a consensus; and designing an ad hoc contingent solution). We highlight the individual role of a boundary spanner in these dynamics. The results provide new insights on the micro-foundations of the Triple Helix. They also suggest an extension of the “boundary spanner” concept.


The determinants of Entrepreneurial Intention of  Young Researchers: Combining the theory of Planned Behaviour with the Triple Helix Model

Authors: Rosangela Feola, Massimiliano Vesci, Antonio Botti, Roberto Parente (2017)

Although the theme of academic spin-off has received increasing consideration in entrepreneurship literature, little attention has been devoted to identifying the factors that drive young researchers to set up ventures based on the results of their research. To identify the determinants of academic entrepreneurial intention (AEI), we tested a model on a sample of Italian researchers using structural equation modeling and integrating the Triple Helix Model with the theory of planned behavior (TPB). The findings highlight that all psychological variables of TPB are relevant in predicting AEI, whereas only some contextual and exogenous variables (namely, government and industrial/financial support) directly influence AEI.