Special Issue – Call for Papers – Triple Helix Journal
Entrepreneurial Societies: Bridging the gaps between entrepreneurial universities’ activities and their stakeholders
Professor Dr Klaus Sailer and Audrey Stolze, Munich University of Applied Sciences and
Strascheg Center for Entrepreneurship, Germany (*email address protected*)
Extended Deadline for paper submission: 1 September 2019
In 2013, Etzkowitz referred to the entrepreneurial university as “an efflorescence of embryonic characteristics that exist ‘in potentio’ in any academic enterprise”. Multi-faceted, entrepreneurial universities activities are combinations of strategic intent and responses to stakeholder’s demands, in the form of policies, grant-tenders and industry partnerships. Beyond entrepreneurship education, research/technology transfer and start-up support, entrepreneurial universities shall contribute to entrepreneurial societies by providing leadership for creating entrepreneurial thinking, actions, institutions, and an overall entrepreneurship capital (Audretsch, 2006, 2012). In this scenario, how to bridge the gaps between entrepreneurial universities’ activities and their stakeholders? How can entrepreneurial universities effectively contribute to building entrepreneurial societies? What is the future of Entrepreneurial Universities?
This article collection aims to address these broad questions, by presenting case studies from around the world about the following issues:
- Science with and for Society, Quadruple/Quintuple Helix, Co-creation and Knowledge Spill-overs in entrepreneurial universities;
Policy Impact: Push-Pull forces, response-strategies and alliances in the relationship between policy-makers and entrepreneurial universities;
- Administration, managerialism, leadership and cultural issues in Entrepreneurial Universities;
Support-networks and peer-group learning systems in international, national, regional and/or local settings (physical or virtual);
- Bridging-formats and hybrid-organisations: entrepreneurship centres, accelerators, living-labs, co-working and maker-spaces, cross-sector hubs for innovation, etc.;
- Gaps and issues leading from the classroom to the incubator: Students’ or educators’ perspectives; Pedagogics and evaluation in entrepreneurship education; Bridging and support mechanisms leading to incubation; Industry involvement; Academic spin-offs.
- Gaps and issues leading from the research lab to the technology transfer offices: researchers’ and administrator’s perspectives; TTO support mechanisms and performance measurement.
We would like to invite you to address these issues posing your own specific questions, preferably applying a case-study method, but you may follow other research methods as appropriate. An ideal article combines theoretical, empirical and policy elements, although the balance may differ.
Authors should submit their abstracts directly to guest editor, Audrey Stolze – *email address protected*, by 1 September 2019.
Full paper submission
Full papers should be submitted using the submission instructions below by 31 October 2019.
Before submitting your manuscript, please ensure you have carefully read the instructions for authors at https://brill.com/fileasset/downloads_products/Author_Instructions/THJ/. The complete manuscript should be submitted through the Triple Helix submission system at www.editorialmanager.com/THJ/. To ensure that you submit to the correct article collection. please select the appropriate section in the drop-down menu upon submission. In addition, indicate within your cover letter that you wish your manuscript to be considered as
part of the article collection on Entrepreneurial Society: Bridging the gaps between entrepreneurial universities’ activities and their stakeholders. All submissions will undergo rigorous peer review and accepted articles will be published within the journal as a collection.
Submissions will also benefit from the usual advantages of open access publication:
Efficient publication: online submission, electronic peer review and production, make the process of publishing your article simple and efficient.
High visibility and international readership in your field: open access publication ensures high visibility and maximum exposure for your work – anyone with online access can read your article.
No space constraints: publishing online means unlimited space for figures, extensive data, and video footage.
Authors retain copyright, licensing the article under a Creative Commons license: articles can be freely redistributed and reused as long as the article is correctly attributed.
For editorial enquiries please contact:
The Editor in Chief , Henry Etzkowitz, *email address protected*, or the Managing Editor, Anne Rocha Perazzo, *email address protected*.
Sign up for article alerts to keep updated on articles published in Triple Helix including articles published in this article collection.
Triple Helix Futures
Ekaterina Albats, LUT-University, Finland
Rabii Outamha, University of Hassan II, Morocco
Henry Etzkowitz, International Triple Helix Institute (ITHI), Silicon Valley, USA
Deadline for extended abstracts: 31 October 2019
New perspectives towards Triple Helix innovation and entrepreneurship phenomenon are sought, from the array of relevant disciplines and inter-disciplines, across different levels of analysis – from micro to meso to macro-, spanning the range of policy orientations.
The Triple Helix of University-Industry-Government relations provides a model for analysing the transitions from a statist command economy, or a market (industrial) economy, to a knowledge-based society (Etzkowitz, 1996; Ivanova and Leydesdorff, 2014; Etzkowitz and Zhou, 2018), where the role of an entrepreneurial university in innovation is increasingly salient (Etzkowitz, 1983). Originally focused on renewing declining industrial regions (Etzkowitz, 2002), then on creating new regional innovation ecosystems (Etzkowitz, Pique and Mirabel, 2018), the Triple Helix both rose to support national and multinational initiatives, and lowered to strengthen micro-foundations Linton, 2018). The Triple Helix model was also taken beyond the knowledge-based realm of clusters and techno-poles and applied to solve social inequalities and foster arts/design innovation (Etzkowitz, 2014).
A Triple Helix configuration can be considered as a collective entrepreneur, principal agent, facilitator and enabler of knowledge creation, technology transfer and firm formation (Leydesdorff, 2005; Bresnitz, and Etzkowitz, 2016). Moreover, it is a universal innovation and entrepreneurship model that incorporates other relevant models (National Innovation Systems, Open Innovation, Mode 2. In its capacious framework (Etzkowitz and Leydesdorff, 2000; Leydesdorff, 2000)). Transcending “learning by doing” and other forms of incremental innovation (Lundvall, 2000; Rosenberg, 1982), discontinuous innovation relies on academic knowledge as a structural element and source for innovation in knowledge-based societies (Cooke and Leydesdorff, 2006; Schumpeter, 1911). The sources of innovation and entrepreneurship, in turn, do not reside exclusively inside firms (Fusfeld, 1994), but are commonly found in the interstices between firms (Chesbrough, 2003); firms and universities (Powell, 1990) as well as government (Etzkowitz, Gulbrandsen and Levitt, 2000.)
Various versions of the Triple Helix model have been identified, emphasizing top-down, bottom up or lateral initiatives as well as some combination of those. Originally focused primarily on economic development, the Triple Helix model has been extended to environmental and social sustainability (Zhou and Etzkowitz, 2006) and tasked to develop “triple helix ethics” (Etzkowitz, 2011). Civil society is posited as the framework of an optimum Triple Helix configuration, but constricted and hidden civil societies have also been identified as conducive to innovation under totalitarian conditions (Solzhenitsyn, 1968). In authoritarian societies where “bottom up” initiatives are considered a threat to public order and lateral interactions, without top down approval are interdicted, entrepreneurial arrangements among trusted peers appear in order to get things done. In such circumstances, innovative discourse may have to be hidden in circumlocutions of speech, distributed via “samizdat” and obscured in “we chats” that “read between the lines” (Strauss, 1968).
Triple Helix is an increasingly widespread academic policy and practice discourse but it has also achieved a broader reach as a shorthand kleenex-like emblem for public/private/academic movements, delinked from theoretical provenance (Gebhardt and Etzkowitz, 2019). Re-establishing ties between implicit and explicit helical innovation is an opportunity for academic analysts and practitioners to enhance each other’s work and open up new arenas for collaboration. The Triple Helix is not just a model but a venue, virtual and physical, periodically providing a meeting place for scholars, professionals, and policy-makers who address the transition to a knowledge-based economy and society (Granovetter, 2017) from a variety of development perspectives and at different geo-technic levels, but with a common interest in making the discussion informed by empirical research, methodological rigour and theoretical perspicacity (cf: www.triplehelixassociation.org).
Triple Helix theorizing has not claimed a general theory of societal development, nevertheless, it has potential as such through development of a methodology for social change, transcending capitalism and socialism. Studying the dynamics and evolution of Triple Helix relations provides the scientific landscape with the new dimensions and variables responsible for the emergence of the knowledge-based system (Leydesdorff et al., 2019) – e. g. the redundancy emerging from Triple Helix actors sharing knowledge with each other and creating a space for discourse around their different perspectives towards same events. Triple Helix futurists are charged to explore the potential of Triple Helix theory and practice for Social Justice, conceptually, via philosophical thought experiments, quantitatively through computer-based AI simulations (Carayannis et al, 2016), offering new measurements and analysing inter-organizational structural and institutional configurations (Leydesdorff and Ivanova, 2016) as well as through traditional political economic argumentation and analysis (Burgos-Mascarell et al, 2016).
Celebrating more than three decades of the Triple Helix (Etzkowitz, 1993, Etzkowitz and Leydesdorff, 1995), this special issue aims to inspire new questions, discoveries, visions and aspirations for the future of this field. This special issue is a forum for all who are interested in Triple Helix aiming to gather the best examples of empirical studies and theoretical reflections that showcase originality, new thinking, views, contexts, data and methods about the phenomenon. We are also interested in works that develop new conceptual frameworks, integrate other theoretical fields across innovation and knowledge management related domains and reflect on those with empirical data and fresh observations. Articles investigating individual innovation initiators (III), regional innovation organizers (RIO), as well as innovation modalities powered by intermediaries such as science parks, incubators, accelerators, and technology transfer offices (Peters and Etzkowitz, 1998), and novel sources beyond the classic Triple Helix, are also most welcome.
Possible questions addressed by the contributions include, but are not limited to:
- Following the initial considerations of Leydesdorff and Etzkowitz, 1998), how different is studying the Triple Helix relations in various regional, institutional, economic, cultural and other contextual settings (Etzkowitz and Klofsten, 2008)? What new insights may those various contextual settings bring to the classical Triple Helix model? For example, what are the specifics of the Triple Helix relations and its synergy in emerging economies (Etzkowitz, Mello and Almeida, 2008; Leydesdorff et al, 2014; Park, 2014)? What so these look like in developed economies? What are the specifics of the Triple Helix in cross-cultural settings? What are the “best practices” of university-industry-government relationships and/or what are the failure cases in various settings, and what are then the implications for the Triple Helix as a research theme (Etzkowitz, 2018)?
- How and under which conditions can the synergy in university-industry-government relations emerge in the transition from a statist command economy or a market (industrial) economy to a more complex knowledge-based economy? And how can this synergy be measured? What is the role and future of the university in this new, Triple Helix synergy configuration? Case studies enable us to gain subtle insights in the trade-offs between traditional and entrepreneurial roles of the university (Clark, 2001). How do universities combine entrepreneurship and responsible innovation with their roles of providing higher education, their enlightenment functions, with long-term research perspectives? What are the gender, class, and intersectional dimensions of triple helix interactions in different cultures (Kiehl, Kemelgor and Etzkowitz, In Press).
- What new insights are suggested by analysing various helices (see e.g. Meyer et al, 2003), actors or structural arrangements (see e.g. Champenois and Etzkowitz, 2018) of the Triple Helix? How could leadership, policy and governance of each helix affect the Triple Helix model functioning in various contexts? How may various stakeholders influence the relationships between helices? Do these offer any new considerations to the structure, dynamics, or evolution of the Triple Helix mode?
- What are the new or alternative methodologies in analysing Triple Helix relations? e.g. what could be novel methods to analyse network relationships in the Triple Helix context (Park, 2014)? Or, what are the new/alternative ways and indicators to measure university-industry-government relations: the performance, efficiency and effectiveness of the related processes, the outputs, outcomes and impacts (Goktepe-Hulten, 2009; Rossi and Rosli, 2015); the dynamics, evolution and changes in its structural configurations (Leydesdorff et al., 2019)? What have been the methodological developments to advance the Triple Helix as a research field? e.g. what could still be learned by the scientific community in terms of the units and levels of analysis, and what are the prospects of the multi-level (Bogers et al, 2017) and mixed method research strategies in the Triple Helix field?
- What are the prospects of the theoretical developments of the Triple Helix concept? What new insights may the existing or emerging theories or concepts offer to advance development of Triple Helix model (Viale and Etzkowitz, 2010)? What are the novel applications of the Triple Helix model in various fields and/or in cross-disciplinary settings Dzisah and Etzkowitz, 2009)? What are the potential synergies between Triple Helix and global approaches, such as World Systems, to societal analysis, innovation and entrepreneurship (Krucken and Drori, 2009).
Dr Ekaterina Albats, postdoctoral researcher, lecturer, School of Business and Management, LUT-University, Finland
Rabii Outamha, PhD Candidate, Faculty of Law Economic and Social Sciences, University of Hassan II, Casablanca, Morocco
Professor Henry Etzkowitz, President, Triple Helix Association, EiC, Triple Helix Journal; CEO, International Triple Helix Institute, Silicon Valley and member Advisory Boards, International Association of Science Parks and Innovation Areas (IASP) and Helix Centre, Linkoping University, Sweden.
Full papers submission to guest editors (for pre-review)
Authors should submit their full paper to the guest editors for a pre-review by October 31, 2019, via email. Earlier submissions are encouraged.
Upon acceptance of the pre-reviewed version by the guest-editors, full papers should be submitted following the submission instructions below through the submission system (where they will undergo double-blind peer-review) at: www.editorialmanager.com/thj/ by February 29, 2020.
For editorial enquiries please contact:
Rabii Outamha, *email address protected*
Dr Ekaterina Albats, *email address protected*
Henry Etzkowitz,*email address protected*
Anne Rocha Perazzo, *email address protected*
Sign up for alerts to keep updated on articles published in Triple Helix – including articles published in this article collection
Triple Helix model in Central and Eastern Europe
Professor Dr Annamaria Inzelt, IKU Innovation Research Centre at FRCo (*email address protected*)
Dr László Csonka, BGE Budapest Business School (*email address protected*)
Deadline for submission to guest editors for pre-review: 1 December 2019
Deadline for paper uploading in the submission system: 28 February 2020
In the age of disruptive technologies, digitalization of academic knowledge has become a crucial source of innovation. The knowledge society is challenging the old university model and there is more demand for a workable Triple Helix model: an alliance in University-Industry-Government relations. The role of the university in creating new regional innovation ecosystems has become increasingly important while national strategies for specialization have been initiated and supported at the international level in a way that strengthens the link between academic and economic actors.
This special issue will publish case studies of an analytical or theoretical nature on Central and Eastern European countries (CEECs). These countries inherited a solid science base in certain fields from the command economies from which they have recently emerged. But their innovation and entrepreneurial capabilities go far beyond that found in other countries with similar developmental levels but that have had historic market economies. To become knowledge-based market economies is thus a great challenge for the Central and Eastern European countries.
Possible questions to be addressed by the contributions include, but are not limited to:
What is specifically involved in studying the Triple Helix relations in Central and Eastern European transition economies that are moving from command economies (or reformed socialist economies) to knowledge-based market economies?
What new insights can the CEE region bring to the classical Triple Helix model? Are there any similarities between these countries and emerging Southeast Asian or Latin American economies? How does one identify the “best practices” of university-industry-government relationships in CEECs?
How are multinational companies in CEEC host-countries influencing collaboration among Triple Helix actors? What role does government play – and/or should it play a role – in facilitating the introduction of foreign corporations in local economies and in business-university collaborations? It is important to note the complications that can arise when international companies cooperate with global research and development systems and yet involve local universities in their R&D activities and value chains. How do the various stakeholders influence the relationships between helices?
Do CEE experiences offer any new considerations in regard to the structure, dynamics or evolution of the Triple Helix model?
How can CEE universities effectively contribute to building an innovative economy?
What is the future of the universities in the CEE region in the age of digitalization and Industry 4.0? Will the universities change the Triple Helix model through their increasing interdisciplinary collaboration or by advancing various fields such as the emerging disruptive technologies?
Before submitting your manuscript, please ensure you have carefully read the submission instructions for Triple Helix at https://brill.com/fileasset/downloads_products/Author_Instructions/THJ.pdf. The complete manuscript should be submitted through the Triple Helix submission system at www.editorialmanager.com/thj/. Please indicate within your cover letter that you wish your manuscript to be considered as part of the article collection on “Triple Helix model in Central and Eastern Europe”. All submissions will undergo rigorous peer review, and accepted articles will be published in the journal as a collection.
Submissions will benefit from the usual advantages of open access publication: Efficient publication: Online submission, electronic peer review and production make the process of publishing your article simple and efficient. High visibility and international readership in your field: Open access publication ensures high visibility and maximum exposure for your work – anyone with online access can read your article. No space constraints: Publishing online means unlimited space for figures, extensive data and video footage
Authors retain copyright, licensing the article under a Creative Commons license: articles can be freely redistributed and reused as long as the article is correctly attributed.
For editorial enquiries please contact: the Editor in Chief , Henry Etzkowitz, *email address protected*, or the Managing Editor, Anne Rocha Perazzo, *email address protected*
Published by the Triple Helix Association – ISSN 2281-4515
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