Triple Helix Journal



ISSN: 2197-1927 (electronic version)

Henry Etzkowitz, International Triple Helix Institute (ITHI), USA and Helix Centre, Linkoping University, Sweden

Managing Editor
Anne Rocha Perazzo, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris, France

Advisory Editors
Carlota Perez, Technological University of Tallinn, Estonia
Hebe Vessuri, Venezuelan Institute of Scientific Research, Venezuela

Senior Associate Editor
Christiane Gebhardt, Malik Management Institute, Switzerland / associated Heidelberg University, Germany

Associate Editors
Yuzhuo Cai, University of Tampere, Finland
Devrim Göktepe-Hultén, University of Lund, Sweden
Annamaria Inzelt, IKU Innovation Research Center Hungary
Riccardo Viale, Fondazione Rosselli, Italy
Girmah Zawdie, Strathclyde University
Alice Chunyan Zhou, International Triple Helix Institute, China

Editorial Board
Justin Axelberg, University of Sao Paulo
Irina Dezhina, Institute of International Relations and World Economy, Russia
James Dzisah, University of Ghana Loet Leydesdorff, University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands
Liudvika Leysite, Dortmund University
Josep Piqué, International Association of Science Parks and Areas of Innovation (IASP)
Ary Plonski, University of Saõ Paulo, Brazil



Research collaboration for a knowledge-based economy: towards a conceptual framework
Mavis Serwah Benneh Mensah and Francis Enu-Kwesi

Hidden Chief Technology Officers: the surfacing of a subterranean organizational role
Bertram Lohmüller, Alexander Petrikhin and Norbert Wagemann

Building builders: entrepreneurship education from an ecosystem perspective at MIT
Artur Tavares Vilas Boas Ribeiro, Juliana Natsumi Uechi and Guilherme Ary Plonski

The public sector’s role in Norwegian network cooperation: triple helix or laissez-faire?
Øyvind Heimset Larsen, Jon Gunnar Nesse and Synnøve Rubach

Three operational models for ambidexterity in large corporations
Sverker Alänge and Annika Steiber

Measuring synergy within a Triple Helix innovation system using game theory: cases of some developed and emerging countries
Eustache Mêgnigbêto

Inga A Ivanova, Nataliya Smorodinskaya, and Loet Leydesdorff
On Measuring Complexity in a Post-Industrial Economy: The Ecosystem’s Approach, Quality and Quantity (early view, 11 February 2019);
doi: 10.1007/s11135-019-00844-2.

Inga Ivanova, Øivind Strand and Loet Leydesdorff
An Eco-Systems Approach to constructing Economic Complexity Measures: Endogenization of the technological dimension using Lotka-Volterra equations, Advances in Complex Systems, 22(1) 1850023 (23 pages);
DOI: 10.1142/S0219525918500236.

Inga A Ivanova, Øivind Strand and Loet Leydesdorff
What is the effect of synergy in international collaboration on regional economies? Journal of the Knowledge Economy 10(1) (2019) 18-34.
doi: 10.1007/s13132-017-0480-2.

Inga A Ivanova, Øivind Strand and Loet Leydesdorff
The Synergy and Cycle Values in Regional Innovation System: The Case of Norway, Foresight and STI Governance, 13(1), 48-61.

Kashania, E. S and Roshani, S.
(2019). Evolution of innovation system literature: Intellectual bases and emerging trends. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 146 , 68-80.

Kashania, E. S and Roshani, S.
(2019). Evolution of innovation system literature: Intellectual bases and emerging trends. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 146 , 68-80.

Loet Leydesdorff and Ivan Cucco
Regions, Innovation Systems, and the North-South Divide in Italy. El Profesional de la Informacion, 28(2), e280214. ;

Zhang, Y, Chen, K and Fu, X.
(2019). Scientific effects of Triple Helix interactions among research institutes, industries and universities. Technovation (Early view).


Student entrepreneurship at research-intensive universities. From a peripheral activity towards a new mainstream

Wim Fyen (KU Leuven), Koenraad Debackere (KU Leuven),
Maria Olivares (University of Zurich)


The paper focuses on the role of research-intensive universities in stimulating and supporting initiatives and programmes related to student entrepreneurship, but also on their role as drivers of entrepreneurial ecosystems.

Next to that, the paper analyses the changing conditions for graduates’ careers, focusing on the skills and attitudes that are required for the future. Entrepreneurship is central to these skills and attitudes. In its broad sense, entrepreneurship is not only about starting up new ventures, it is a way of thinking. Entrepreneurial skills include opportunity recognition, viability screening and creative problem-solving.

The paper states that involving students both in research as well as in interdisciplinary teamwork are excellent ways to foster entrepreneurial attitudes and skills, making research-intensive universities ideal environments for it. However, support both policy-wise from senior university leadership as funding-wise, remains crucial.

Last but not least, the paper offers recommendations aimed at all stakeholders who play a role in shaping the higher education system, and a diverse set of best practice examples of student entrepreneurship programmes and initiatives from LERU universities.



Scientific effects of Triple Helix Interactions among Research institutes, Industries and Universities

Zhang, Y, Chen, K. and Fu, X.


The Triple Helix (TH) interactions among innovation organizations have become increasingly important for national science and technology development. Yet, few studies in the extant literature have investigated their effects on the participants’ scientific performance. This study fills in this research gap by exploring whether the scientific performance of research institutes is influenced by their TH interactions with industries or/and universities. More specifically, the dynamic patterns of bilateral and trilateral interactions of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) as a typical example with industries or/and universities, as well as their effects on the CAS’s scientific performance are revealed by means of the TH theoretical framework. The research result shows that their bilateral and trilateral interactions not only directly and significantly improved the CAS’s scientific performance but also moderately enhanced the effects of research investments on that performance. It is confirmed as expected that the bilateral interactions between research institutes and universities exhibit a more positive and significant effect on scientific performance in both direct and indirect ways compared with the bilateral interactions between research institutes and industries. In summary, this study extends the analytical scope of TH empirical studies by implementing an exploring research on the TH effects from the perspective of academic institutes.




Ebrahim Souzanchi Kashani and Saeed Roshani

The evolution of innovation system literature is scrutinized to delineate the conceptual trends over the past thirty years. We applied the Sigma index which is supposed to include not only the frontier contributions in the field but also the intellectual bases conveying transformative concepts. Our examination shows that after the establishment of the National Innovation System (NIS) as a principal framework, Regional IS literature emerged as a main branch during the period of 2002–2007, while Technological IS developed as the second main branch from 2007 to 2012. Surprisingly, Sectoral IS has not yet generated a separate constellation, whereas the period after 2012 mainly witnessed the emergence of Triple Helix and Agricultural IS as two new branches. The core of the literature has become classified into persistent intellectual bases (e.g. Lundvall 1992 and Nelson, 1993), diminishing pioneers (e.g. Freeman 1987; Edquist, 1997), emerging works (e.g. Hekkert et al., 2008; Bathelt et al. 2004) and fluctuating others (e.g. Carlsson, 1991; Malerba 2002). Conceptual implications are discussed at the end.




Published by the Triple Helix Association  –  ISSN 2281-4515


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