From the XIII Triple Helix International Conference
The role of universities in cluster development, Nataliya Ivashchenko, Tatiana Pospelova, Alexandra Engovatova, Anastasia Yarygina
Keywords: clusters, integration, entrepreneurial university, university-industry links (UIL)
Over the recent decades there have been increasing efforts by developing countries to reduce the economic gap between developed and developing countries. Asian and Northern European countries demonstrate good progress in these areas. Sweden, Denmark, China show stable high economic indicators that have been achieved by targeted government programs. These programs were aimed at creating a new type of economy based on knowledge and new technologies. Given the success of these countries, a number of developing countries, whose economies are dependent on resources, today, are looking to repeat their way; those countries are Russia, Indonesia, Brazil and Chile. The modernization of the economy and the formation of innovative economy are key objectives of the state policies of these countries. The research by leading economists and scientists led to the conclusion that the regional level of national economy plays a key role in formation of knowledgebase economy, which indicates the need to differentiate the innovation policy of the state depending on the economy parameters of each region. Clusters are a powerful tool for achieving industrial and innovation development, enhancing market competitiveness and improving economical growth. The cluster approach for national socio-economic development of regions is becoming more popular among advanced foreign countries. This approach is defined either as a part of innovative policy or as a “cluster policy” itself.
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